Amona is the largest of about 100 outposts erected in the West Bank without permission but generally tolerated by the Israeli government. Israel’s Supreme Court ruled in 2014 that Amona was built on private Palestinian land and must be demolished. It set Feb. 8 as the final date for its destruction.
Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said some 3,000 police officers were deployed to “carefully and slowly” evacuate the area. Minor scuffles broke out between some activists and police. Authorities said 16 officers were slightly injured by stones and an unidentified liquid hurled by the protesters, several of whom were arrested.
The outpost, built in the 1990s, stretches over a rugged, grassy hilltop and looks out across the valley onto Palestinian villages. In 2006, Israeli police demolished nine homes at Amona, setting off violent clashes pitting settlers and their supporters against police and soldiers and turning the outpost into a symbol of settler defiance.
About 50 families, some 250 people, live in Amona. In recent weeks dozens of mostly young supporters, including high school students, have arrived to face off against Israeli forces. Rosenfeld said about 1,500 activists were on the hilltop Wednesday, Feb. 1.
“This is a dark day for us, for Zionism, for the state and for the great vision of the Jewish people returning to its homeland,” Avichay Buaron, a spokesman for Amona, told Channel 2 TV.
Yesh Din, the Israeli legal rights group that represented the Palestinian landowners in court, welcomed the evacuation. In a Facebook post, it said the landowners were “waiting to return.”
“Our feeling is indescribable, said Abdel-Rahman Saleh, the mayor of the nearby Palestinian town of Silwad, who assisted the landowners in building their case. “We struggled for 20 years to get our land back.”
Settler activists gathered in homes, praying, singing religious songs and dancing while some chained themselves to heavy objects and locked their doors. Residents have said they plan to resist the evacuation peacefully and police said 12 families had so far left the area voluntarily.
Bilha Schwarts, 24, came with her husband and 9-month-old daughter to support the residents. “If they want it they can take it, we will not fight. We will leave but we will come back,” she said.
Shortly after noon, bulldozers began making their way up the hill, where protesters chanting “Jews do not expel Jews” linked arms to form a wall against police. Others heckled officers or pleaded with them to refuse their orders.
The fate of Amona had threatened to destabilize Netanyahu’s coalition, which includes the pro-settler Jewish Home party and other hard-liners. It was initially set to be included in an explosive outpost legalization bill but was removed after one coalition partner refused to violate the Supreme Court ruling by legalizing the outpost. Netanyahu had been under fierce pressure to save the outpost by lawmakers who ultimately stood down, hoping the legalization bill would pass instead.
Speaking at Israel’s parliament as the evacuation was underway, Education Minister Naftali Bennett, leader of the pro-settler Jewish Home Party, called the Amona settlers “heroes” and vowed to “build a new settlement.”
Netanyahu has struggled to find a balance between appeasing his settler constituents and respecting Israel’s Supreme Court, which has drawn the ire of hard-liners by ruling against the settlers. There was no immediate comment on the evacuation from Netanyahu.
Bezalel Smotrich, a lawmaker from the Jewish Home party, was one of several politicians who went to Amona to show support. “There is a great pain, a huge disappointment. They are uprooting a community in Israel. It is a terrible thing,” he told Channel 2 TV.
While readying to evacuate Amona, Israel announced plans late Tuesday to build 3,000 homes in the West Bank, pressing ahead with a construction binge in the wake of the inauguration of U.S. President Donald Trump. The Palestinians claim the territory, along with east Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, as parts of a future independent state — a position that has wide international backing. Much of the territory, which was seized in the 1967 war, has deep religious and historical significance for both Jews and Muslims.
The election of Trump, who has promised to be far more supportive of Israel than his predecessor, has emboldened Israel’s settlement movement. His campaign platform made no mention of a Palestinian state, a cornerstone of two decades of international diplomacy in the region, and he has signaled that he will be far more tolerant of Israeli settlement construction.
Deitch reported from Jerusalem. Associated Press writer Mohammed Daraghmeh in Ramallah, West Bank, contributed to this report.
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