Education / Virginia

Virginia students continue to improve in reading, math and science on 2015-2016 SOLs

RICHMOND, Va. — The percentage of students achieving at the proficient or advanced level on Standards of Learning assessments in reading, mathematics and science increased by one-point statewide during 2015-2016, the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) reported today.

Eighty percent of students achieved proficient or advanced scores in reading, and the same percentage passed tests in mathematics, compared with 79 percent in both subjects in 2014-2015. Eighty-three percent passed grade-level or end-of-course SOL tests in science, compared with 82 percent previously.

“A one-point improvement in mathematics means that approximately 11,500 more students met or exceeded the benchmark for proficiency for their grade or course,” Superintendent of Public Instruction Steven R. Staples said. “In reading, a one-point increase equals approximately 8,000 students, and in science, more than 6,000. The success of these students – many of whom have struggled in the past – reflects great credit on our teachers, especially given Virginia’s rigorous standards and challenging online assessments.”

Larger gains were made by third graders, fifth graders and high school students on specific grade- and course-level tests, as follows:

77 percent of third graders earned proficient or advanced scores in mathematics, a three-point gain compared with achievement during 2014-2015;

82 percent of fifth-graders achieved proficient or advanced scores in reading, a two-point gain over 2014-2015; and

89 percent of high school students taking the Algebra II test achieved proficient or advanced scores, also a two-point gain.

Student achievement in English writing and history/social science was unchanged. In writing, 77 percent of students met or exceeded the standard for proficiency, the same percentage as in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent achieved at the proficient or advanced level in history/social science, also the same percentage as previously.

The highest pass rates in English, mathematics and science were on the end-of-course tests high school students must pass to earn credit toward graduation, with results as follows:

89 percent passed the end-of-course reading test and 83 percent passed the high school writing assessment;

83 percent passed the Algebra I test, 80 percent passed the Geometry test and 89 percent passed the Algebra II test; and

84 percent passed the Earth Science test, 84 percent passed the Biology assessment and 88 percent passed the Chemistry test.

Of the commonwealth’s 1,822 public schools, 915 improved in mathematics, 904 in reading and 939 in science.

Noting the gaps that continue to separate the achievement of black and Hispanic students from that of white students, Board of Education President Billy K. Cannaday Jr. said that narrowing and ultimately closing these gaps will remain the state board’s top priority.

 

English Reading 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
All Students 74 79 80
Asian 87 90 91
Black 59 65 66
Economically Disadvantaged 59 66 66
English Learners 54 61 61
Hispanic 65 71 71
Students with Disabilities 43 45 46
White 82 86 86

 

English Writing 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
All Students 75 77 77
Asian 89 90 90
Black 60 63 63
Economically Disadvantaged 59 63 63
English Learners 54 50 47
Hispanic 69 70 70
Students with Disabilities 39 40 40
White 81 83 83

 

Mathematics 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
All Students 74 79 80
Asian 90 93 93
Black 60 67 67
Economically Disadvantaged 61 68 69
English Learners 62 67 66
Hispanic 67 73 72
Students with Disabilities 43 48 49
White 80 85 86

 

Science 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
All Students 80 82 83
Asian 91 92 93
Black 64 68 70
Economically Disadvantaged 66 69 70
English Learners 59 56 57
Hispanic 70 71 72
Students with Disabilities 51 51 53
White 87 89 90

“Under our current accreditation system, relatively high overall achievement in fully accredited schools can mask underperformance by certain groups of students,” Cannaday said. “The board is committed to implementing reforms that will shine a light on achievement gaps and hold all schools accountable for raising the achievement of students who historically have struggled to meet Virginia’s high expectations.”

History/Social Science 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
All Students 84 86 86
Asian 94 95 95
Black 73 76 74
Economically Disadvantaged 73 76 75
English Learners 70 69 69
Hispanic 78 79 80
Students with Disabilities 58 60 60
White 89 91 91

Virginia’s online SOL tests in English, mathematics and science require students to apply critical-thinking skills as well as their knowledge of grade-level or course content to solve multistep problems. The mathematics tests taken by most students in grades 3, and 6-8 in 2015-2016 were computer adaptive assessments.

Computer adaptive SOL tests begin with a question or problem of moderate difficulty. If a student answers the item correctly, the computer selects a slightly more challenging problem as the next item. Conversely, an incorrect response results in the selection of a slightly less difficult item. Students’ scores are determined by the number of questions answered correctly and the relative difficulty of the correctly answered items.

Governor Terry McAuliffe and the state Board of Education have advocated the expansion of computer adaptive testing as a means of better measuring academic growth and improving the assessment experience of students. VDOE expects to convert all mathematics and reading SOL tests in grades 3-8 to the computer adaptive format by fall 2017.

Additional information on the performance of students on SOL tests during 2015-2016 — including results for schools and school divisions — is available on the VDOE website and on the online report cards for schools and divisions.

VDOE will announce 2016-2017 state accreditation ratings in mid-September. Accreditation ratings may reflect achievement over three years and include adjustments to reward schools for successful interventions and allowances for certain transfer students and English learners.

2015-2016 Statewide Test-by-Test Results (All Students)

Subject Test 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
English: Reading Grade-3 Reading 69 75 76
Grade-4 Reading 70 77 77
  Grade-5 Reading 73 79 81
Grade-6 Reading 73 76 77
  Grade-7 Reading 76 81 82
  Grade-8 Reading 70 75 75
  End-of-Course Reading 90 89 89
English: Writing Grade-8 Writing 70 72 71
End-of-Course Writing 84 83 83
History/Social Science VA Studies 85 87 87
  Civics & Economics 83 86 87
  Geography 86 86 86
World History I 85 85 84
  World History II 86 87 86
  VA & US History 87 87 86
Mathematics Grade-3 Mathematics 67 74 77
  Grade-4 Mathematics 80 84 83
  Grade-5 Mathematics 73 79 79
  Grade-6 Mathematics 76 83 82
  Grade-7 Mathematics 65 72 72
  Grade-8 Mathematics 67 74 73
  Algebra I 79 82 83
Algebra II 82 87 89
  Geometry 77 80 80
Science Grade-5 Science 73 79 81
Grade-8 Science 74 78 79
  Earth Science 83 83 84
  Biology 83 84 84
  Chemistry 87 88 88